Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.

Sulfur is collected from inside the caldera by workers. Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a vast plain called the "Sea of Sand" (Javanese: Segara Wedi or Indonesian: Lautan Pasir), a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organised jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 m or 9,088 ft) (Indonesian: Gunung Penanjakan).

The viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan can also be reached on foot in about two hours. Depending on the degree of volcanic activity, the Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation sometimes issues warnings against visiting Mount Bromo.

Culture
On the fourteenth day of the Hindu festival of Yadnya Kasada, the Tenggerese people of Probolinggo, East Java, travel up the mountain in order to make offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sacrifices of livestock to the mountain gods by throwing them into the caldera of the volcano. The origin of the ritual lies in the 15th century legend where a princess named Roro Anteng started the principality of Tengger with her husband, Joko Seger. The couple were childless and therefore beseeched the assistance of the mountain gods. The gods granted them 24 children but stipulated that the 25th child, named Kesuma, must be thrown into the volcano as a human sacrifice. The gods' request was implemented. The tradition of throwing sacrifices into the volcano to appease these ancient deities continues today and is called the Yadnya Kasada ceremony. Though fraught with danger, some locals risk climbing down into the crater in an attempt to recollect the sacrificed goods that they believe could bring them good luck. On the Segara Wedi sand plain sits a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten.

The temple holds a significant importance to the Tenggerese scattered across the mountain villages, such as Ngadisari, Wonokitri, Ngadas, Argosari, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso. The temple organises the annual Yadnya Kasada ceremony which lasts for about one month. On the 14th day, the Tenggerese congregate at Pura Luhur Poten to ask for blessings from Ida Sang Hyang Widi Wasa and the God of Mahameru (Mount Semeru). Then the crowd proceeds along the crater edges of Mt Bromo where offerings are thrown into the crater. The major difference between this temple and Balinese ones are the type of stones and building materials.

Pura Luhur Poten uses natural black stones from volcanoes nearby, while Balinese temples are mostly made from red bricks. Inside this pura, there are several buildings and enclosures aligned in a mandala zone composition.

WONDERFUL MOUNT BROMO TOURS 3 DAYS 2 NIGHTS

Itinerary:
Day 1 Surabaya – Bromo Area
Pick you up at Surabaya Airport/ Gubeng Train Station//hotel. Then drive you to Cemoro Lawang Village, it best view to see Mount Bromo and sand of sea. The trip is around 3 hours. Arrive in Bromo Area, check in Hotel and free program.

Day 2 Bromo Sunrise – Bromo Crater – Savana – Whispering Sand
At 3.30 am we will take you to see the spectacular sunrise from Penanjakan 1 ( best view to see Sunrise) with Jeep 4WD. You will enjoy the beautiful of Sunrise and the beautiful of Mount Semeru and Mount Bromo from the summit of Penanjakan 1. After that, back to Jeep 4WD and continue to Bromo crater trough sea sand and you can stop at the moment to take a picture and continue to Parking Jeep area. And then continue to Bromo Crater, you can go by foot or rent horse. The trip around 20 minutes. After you explore the beautiful of Bromo Crater, continue to Padang Rumput (Savanah) and Pasir Berbisik (Whispering sand). Back to hotel and free program.

Day 3 Bromo Sunrise in Mentigen hill – Madakaripura Waterfall
Walking by foot from hotel in the morning to see the beautiful sunrise from Mentigen Hill. Back to hotel. Relax and around 9.00 am check out hotel and heading to Madakaripura Waterfall. Afterwards drive you to Surabaya or Malang and the tour finished.

Rate : USD 350/person/twin share, Minimum 2 person ( Private Package )

FACILITY INCLUDED IN PACKAGE PRICE :
- Pick up and transfer from Surabaya or Malang/return
- Private tour driver & AC (air conditioned) tour car, Fuel and Parking fee by shuttle
- Entrance fee for all tourism according the itinerary
- 2 Night in Hotel and Breakfast
- 2 X Private Jeep 4 WD for Bromo Sunrise, Sunset Tour
- Local guide for Madakaripura Waterfall trekking
- Mineral dringking along the tour
- First aid kid
- 3 meals a day

EXCLUDED :
- Horse transportation in Mt Bromo
- Personal expense
- Alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks
- Laundry
- Tipping
- Any personal expenses