Yogyakarta also Jogja or Jogjakarta) is a city and the capital of Yogyakarta Special Region in Java, Indonesia. It is renowned as a center of education (Kota Pelajar), classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows. Yogyakarta was the Indonesian capital during the Indonesian National Revolution from 1945 to 1949, with Gedung Agung as the president's office. One of the districts in Yogyakarta, Kotagede, was the capital of the Mataram Sultanate between 1575 and 1640. The city is named after the Indian city of Ayodhya from the Ramayana epic. Yogya means "suitable, fit, proper", and karta, "prosperous, flourishing" (i.e., "a city that is fit to prosper"). Its population was 388,627 inhabitants at the 2010 census and its built-up (or metro) area was home to, 4,010,436 inhabitants spread on 2 cities (Yogyakarta and Magelang) and 65 districts spread on Sleman, Klaten, Bantul, Kulon Progo and Magelang regencies. While urbanization sprawls, Yogyakarta-Magelang and Surakarta are being agglomerated in a few years. The Dutch name of the city is Djokjakarta.
Yogyakarta is a bustling town of some half a million people and the most popular tourist destination on Java, largely thanks to its proximity to the temples of Borobudur and Prambanan. The town is a hub of art and education, offers some good shopping and has a wide range of tourist facilities. Strictly speaking, the city (kota) of Yogyakarta is only one of five districts within the semi-autonomous region of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), literally the "Yogyakarta Special Region". (The other districts are Sleman on the slopes of fiery Mount Merapi to the North, Bantul all the way to the sea to the South, the hills of Gunungkidul to the East and the low lands of Kulon Progo to the West.)
This special status is thanks to the Sultanate of Hamengkubuwono, which has ruled the area since 1755 and steered the state through difficult times of occupation and revolution. During the Indonesian war of independence, Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX offered the fledgling Indonesian government his enclave as capital city, thus Yogyakarta became the revolutionary capital city of the republic from 1946 to 1949 when Jakarta was still occupied by the Dutch. As a result, the central government recognized the Sultan of Yogyakarta as the appointed governor of Yogyakarta Special Region; the only one in Indonesia that is not elected directly by the people.
The Indonesian central government has tried to weaken the sultan's power by calling for direct election for the governor, however the present Sultan Hamengkubuwono X was chosen by an overwhelming majority. Alas, Yogyakarta lies in one of the most seismically active parts of Java and has thus repeatedly been struck by earthquakes and volcano eruptions. The worst in recent times was the earthquake of 27 May 2006, which killed over 6,000 people and flattened over 300,000 houses. However, the epicentre was 25km north of the city, which thus avoided the worst of the quake, and a surprisingly effective disaster recovery effort saw most of the physical damage repaired quite quickly. Only four years later, in October 2010, the nearby volcano of Mount Merapi erupted, spewing lava over nearby villages, the Borobodur and killing 353 people. After rumbling on and off for two months, the volcano quieted down by December 2010.
DAY 01 ARRIVAL YOGYAKARTA
Meeting service at airport With Tour guide and direct transfer to your hotel for overnight.
DAY 02 PRAMBANAN TOUR- SOLO TOUR
Then drive to Solo to proceed Solo sighseeing, visits Mangkunegaran palace, Triwindhu Flea Market and Radya Pustaka museum. On the way back to Yogya, stop at Prambanan templevisit Prambanan Temple the most important complex of Hindu temple built on 9th century compound by 3 temple dedicated for Brahma Civa and Vishnu, See for yourself sixteen temples stand majestically here. Sequel relief panels of Ramayana epic on carved on the temples’ wall will be another alternative way to find out how skillfully the builders of the temples had been. . Back to hotel for overnight.
DAY 03 BOROBUDUR YOGYAKARTA SIGHTSEEING TOUR
Morning Borobudur tour drive to the northwest of Jogja (about 42 kilometers). Visit the magnificent Borobudur stands on a hillock with seven square terraces represent the steps of from the earthly realm to the nirvana at the three circular terraces to the biggest mother stupa at top. Thousand reliefs panels here depict the birth, enlightenment, the death Buddha and the journey of Boddhisatwas, on the way back to Jogjakarta stop over to visit Mendut and Pawon temples. Drive back to Yogyakarta proceed Yogyakarta City Tour visiting Sultan Royal Palace, Ngasem Bird Market, Water Castle (Taman Sari), Batik Home Industry and Silverwork at Kotagede. Return to hotel.
DAY 04 FAREWELL YOGYAKARTA
Free time until transfer time to airport for catch your flight. End of services.
Rate per person: USD 450/person/twin share, minimum 4 person
- Airport pick up and transfer
- Hotel based 2 star hotel or similar
- 3 meals a day
- Hike to Mount Merapi
- Refreshment ( Mineral water, coffee and teas )
- English speaking guide
- Air condition vehicle
Rate excluded: -
- Return air tickets
- Alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks
- Any personal expenses