Yogyakarta also Jogja or Jogjakarta) is a city and the capital of Yogyakarta Special Region in Java, Indonesia. It is renowned as a center of education (Kota Pelajar), classical Javanese fine art and culture such as batik, ballet, drama, music, poetry, and puppet shows. Yogyakarta was the Indonesian capital during the Indonesian National Revolution from 1945 to 1949, with Gedung Agung as the president's office. One of the districts in Yogyakarta, Kotagede, was the capital of the Mataram Sultanate between 1575 and 1640. The city is named after the Indian city of Ayodhya from the Ramayana epic. Yogya means "suitable, fit, proper", and karta, "prosperous, flourishing" (i.e., "a city that is fit to prosper"). Its population was 388,627 inhabitants at the 2010 census and its built-up (or metro) area was home to, 4,010,436 inhabitants spread on 2 cities (Yogyakarta and Magelang) and 65 districts spread on Sleman, Klaten, Bantul, Kulon Progo and Magelang regencies. While urbanization sprawls, Yogyakarta-Magelang and Surakarta are being agglomerated in a few years. The Dutch name of the city is Djokjakarta.
Yogyakarta is a bustling town of some half a million people and the most popular tourist destination on Java, largely thanks to its proximity to the temples of Borobudur and Prambanan. The town is a hub of art and education, offers some good shopping and has a wide range of tourist facilities. Strictly speaking, the city (kota) of Yogyakarta is only one of five districts within the semi-autonomous region of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), literally the "Yogyakarta Special Region". (The other districts are Sleman on the slopes of fiery Mount Merapi to the North, Bantul all the way to the sea to the South, the hills of Gunungkidul to the East and the low lands of Kulon Progo to the West.)
This special status is thanks to the Sultanate of Hamengkubuwono, which has ruled the area since 1755 and steered the state through difficult times of occupation and revolution. During the Indonesian war of independence, Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX offered the fledgling Indonesian government his enclave as capital city, thus Yogyakarta became the revolutionary capital city of the republic from 1946 to 1949 when Jakarta was still occupied by the Dutch. As a result, the central government recognized the Sultan of Yogyakarta as the appointed governor of Yogyakarta Special Region; the only one in Indonesia that is not elected directly by the people.
The Indonesian central government has tried to weaken the sultan's power by calling for direct election for the governor, however the present Sultan Hamengkubuwono X was chosen by an overwhelming majority. Alas, Yogyakarta lies in one of the most seismically active parts of Java and has thus repeatedly been struck by earthquakes and volcano eruptions. The worst in recent times was the earthquake of 27 May 2006, which killed over 6,000 people and flattened over 300,000 houses. However, the epicentre was 25km north of the city, which thus avoided the worst of the quake, and a surprisingly effective disaster recovery effort saw most of the physical damage repaired quite quickly. Only four years later, in October 2010, the nearby volcano of Mount Merapi erupted, spewing lava over nearby villages, the Borobodur and killing 353 people. After rumbling on and off for two months, the volcano quieted down by December 2010.
EXOTIC CULTURAL OF YOGYAKARTA TOURS 3 DAYS 2 NIGHTS
Day 1: Airport-Yogyakarta-Prambanan Temple-Hotel
A private car will pick you up from the airport and drop you off at your hotel. After checking into your hotel and dropping off your bags. Once you’ve had a shower and a chance to relax it’s time to explore some of the cities highlights, starting with the beautiful temples. While there are many temples surrounding Yogyakarta, the two closest to the city are Prambanan and the less well known Sambisari. It is here at Sambisari that you start yout first day in Yogyakarta. Despite it’s location, a short 5-minute drive away from Yogyakarta airport, you won’t find big crowds here. In fact, there’s a good chance you will have the temple all to yourself, which gives you a chance to take everything in. After a short visit to Sambisari temple, you can continue your journey to Prambanan temple. People usually spend 2-3 hours to explore Prambanan temple and the best time to explore it is close to sunset time, from 3-4 pm until 6 pm when you can catch the sunset. Optional: visit Ratu Boko Palace, an 8th-century complex located on a hill approximately 3 km away from Prambanan temple. With the view overlooking the city it’s a beautiful place to enjoy sunset. Of course, if the weather permits Evening
– Watch the Ramayana Ballet: This is a dance-drama performance and tells the story of Ramayana. The show is held against the backdrop of Prambanan temple (Open Air Theatre: May-October). The event, which doesn’t happen everyday, starts at 7.30 and finishes at 9.30 pm,
– Hike Merapi: Hiking Merapi volcano is one of the most fun things to do in and around Yogyakarta. I climbed the volcano twice and wouldn’t mind to climb it again in the future if I had a chance. This is an all-night climb that starts at 10 pm (pick up from your hotel). And yes, you need to be pretty fit to do the climb or do exercises (focus on cardio with elevation) at least 3 months before the climb.
Day 2: YOGYAKARTA-MT MERAPI HIKI-CITY TOURS
If you decided to hike Merapi volcano then you will usually return back in Yogyakarta around 12 – 1 pm. A perfect combination after climbing a volcano is a lazy day! Don’t worry, there are many things you can do in the Jogjakarta city center. There are a lot of different things that you can do around the city centre. This includes things like visiting the Royal palace, exploring the Keraton museum and the Water Palace (Taman Sari). Other activities to do around the town centre include shopping and eating. For local delicacies, I’d suggest visiting Wijilan street where you can try Gudeg. If you’re more into shopping then take a stroll around Malioboro to do some textile shopping and visit the Beringharjo traditional market for local spices like vanilla.
Of course, some people like to always be active on holiday. If this sounds like you then worry not, I’ve got a perfect list of activities lined up for you. All you need to do is decide on what activities most interest you (is it going to be arts and craft or adventure?).
Day 3: YOGYAKARTA-BOROBUDUR-MENDUT TEMPLES-YOGYAKARTA-AIRPORT
You will agree with me if I say you need to be a little bit more active on your last day in Jogjakarta, right? Especially if that means having an unforgettable experience? Of course, you do. That’s why I’d suggest doing the Borobudur sunrise tour! After visiting Setumbu hill, you will visit the temple. It’s one of the highlights of the trip and you’ll probably want 2-3 hours to properly explore everything (and take lots of photos). After exploring Borobudur temple, you can stop by at Mendut temple on the way back to town. Then a final bit of shopping and it’s time to go to the airport for your flight out from Jogjakarta.
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Rate: USD 390/person/twin share, min 2 person
- Airport pick up and transfer
- Hotel based 2 star hotel or similar
- 3 meals a day
- Hike to Mount Merapi
- Refreshment ( Mineral water, coffee and teas )
- English speaking guide
- Air condition vehicle
Rate excluded: -
- Return air tickets
- Alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks
- Any personal expenses