Biak is a small island located in Cenderawasih Bay near the northern coast of Papua, an Indonesian province, and is just northwest of New Guinea. Biak is the largest island in its small archipelago, and has many atolls, reefs, and corals. The largest population centre is at Kota Biak (Biak City) on the south coast. The rest of the island is thinly populated with small villages. Biak is part of the Biak Islands (Kepulauan Biak).

History
Biak was first sighted by Europeans by the Portuguese navigator Jorge de Menezes in 1526. In his voyage from Malacca to Maluku via northern Borneo, Jorge de Menezes landed at Biak Islands, at the entrance of the Gulf, where he was forced to winter; the island is thenceforth called in Portuguese maps Ilha de Dom Jorge or Ilha onde invernou Dom Jorge, to become, finally, Ilha de S. Jorge.

The Spanish navigator Álvaro de Saavedra sighted the island on 24 June 1528, when trying to return from Tidore to New Spain. Another sighting was later reported in 1545 by Spanish navigator Íñigo Ortiz de Retes on board of galleon San Juan when also attempting the return to New Spain.

The archipelago was first mapped in the Portuguese charts of Gaspar Viegas (c. 1537), an anonymous map of 1540, and on the maps of João de Lisboa and of Bartolomeu Velho (c. 1560), and by other Portuguese, Spanish, and Dutch maps.

In World War II, a strategic airfield of the Imperial Japanese Army was located there, serving as a base for operations in the Pacific theatre. American forces eventually captured the island during the Battle of Biak. The captured airfield was renamed Mokmer Airfield and later transferred[when?] to the Royal Australian Air Force.

It was transferred from Dutch rule, along with half of New Guinea, in the 1960s.

Biak Massacre
On July 1, 1998 (the anniversary of the unsuccessful 1971 Papuan declaration of independence) Biak was the scene of what is commonly known as the 'Biak Massacre' or 'Bloody Biak'. Native Papuan people and members of the Organisasi Papua Merdeka (Free Papua Movement), raised their traditional flag, 'The Morning Star', at Kota Biak water tower and camped there for the next six days.

At 5:30am on July 6, 1998 the demonstration was fired upon by the Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI or Indonesian Military). Many were cut down by the gunfire while attempting to flee. Survivors were rounded up and forced to the docks where they were kept for the several days while further demonstrators were caught.

About 200 of the original demonstrators were forcibly loaded onto two Indonesian naval vessels and taken to two different locations to be thrown into the ocean. In the following days, bodies washed up on Biak's shores, or were snarled in fishing nets. The TNI explained that the bodies turning up belonged to victims of the Aitape tsunami which occurred approximately 1000 km away in Papua New Guinea.


Start / Finish: Biak Airport - Jayapura.
Grade: Easy - Moderate.

Itinerary:
Day 01: Biak Arrival
Arrived at Biak airport, you will be picked up by our local guide, meeting service then directly transfer to Arumbai Hotel, check-in. After lunch at hotel, we explore by coach to visit the Japanese cave, birds park. Late afternoon back to your hotel for dinner overnight.

Meals: Lunch, Dinner
Accommodation: Intsia Beach Hotel

Day 02: Full Day Biak Island Tour - Owi island Snorkeling
After breakfast at hotel, we proceed our one hour excursion by onboard outrigger boat to Owi island & Rurbas. Arrived on the white sandy beach Owi Island and Rurbas, we will have swimming, snorkeling, and learn the way of local people lives. Lunch box and mineral water is provided. Afternoon back to hotel for Dinner and overnight at Hotel.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Accommodation: Intsia Beach Hotel

Day 03: Full Day Biak Island Tour - Korem Warsa Waterfall
After breakfast at hotel then by coach proceed to the northern area of Biak to visit Korem village and beach where on 17 Feb, 2006 was destroyed by the earth quake, visit Wari beach and Warsa Waterfall. Lunch box and mineral water is provided. Late afternoon back to your hotel for dinner
overnight.

Meals: Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner
Accommodation: Intsia Beach Hotel

Day 04: Hotel - Biak airport
Here is your last morning in Biak - you may have your own leisure until we escort you to Biak airport to your next destination.

Meals: Breakfast
Accommodation: None

Rate : USD 450/person/twin share, Minimum 2 person

Price Inclusion:
Transfer in/out from/to Biak Airport
Meals as indicated above itinerary
coach Ac
carter outrigrboat
3 Nights accommodation at Intsia Beach Hotel based on twin share.
English speaking guide and donation

Price Exclusion:
Domestic Airfare Jakarta Biak return
Beer and Soft drink
Airport tax
Laundry
Alcoholic beverage
Other personal expenses
Tips (these are optional).