In 1986, the Park was declared a World Heritage Site and a Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, both indications of the Park's biological importance. Komodo National Park includes three major islands: Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller islands creating a total surface area (marine and land) of 1817km (proposed extensions would bring the total surface area up to 2,321km2).
As well as being home to the Komodo dragon, the Park provides refuge for many other notable terrestrial species such as the orange-footed scrub fowl, an endemic rat, and the Timor deer. Moreover, the Park includes one of the richest marine environments including coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, seamounts, and semi-enclosed bays. These habitats harbor more than 1,000 species of fish, some 260 species of reef-building coral, and 70 species of sponges. Dugong, sharks, manta rays, at least 14 species of whales, dolphins, and sea turtles also make Komodo National Park their home.
Threats to terrestrial biodiversity include the increasing pressure on forest cover and water resources as the local human population has increased 800% over the past 60 years. In addition, the Timor deer population, the preferred prey source for the endangered Komodo dragon, is still being poached. Destructive fishing practices such as dynamite-, cyanide, and compressor fishing severely threaten the Park's marine resources by destroying both the habitat (coral reefs) and the resource itself (fish and invertebrate stocks).
The present situation in the Park is characterized by reduced but continuing destructive fishing practices primarily by immigrant fishers, and high pressure on demersal stocks like lobsters, shellfish, groupers and napoleon wrasse. Pollution inputs, ranging from raw sewage to chemicals, are increasing and may pose a major threat in the future.
Waerebo Traditional Village is an Impressive panorama with vast mountainous surrounding dominated by cool temperature will be among the feeling for those who visit the village. It is located at 1200 meters above the sea level with refreshing atmosphere which requiring challenging efforts of trekking to the village though the densely populated forest. Often portrayed by its traditional Manggaraian house of Mbaru Niang houses, which are round and windowless, with a central hearth and a ridge pole sticking out from a conical, thatched roof sloping down to the floor. The forest before wae rebo is also offers adventure of birding as well since the village’s philosophy of calendar is inspired from the dwelling birds.to identify the changing season.
Agricultural products are grown such coffee and vanillas. The village signifies the only remaining authentic character of Manggaraian traditional house throughout West Flores. Some stories of how the unique kampong has been defending its community from the current modernization were the bargaining position of outsiders influence on culture tourism and the local’s livelihood. The people claimed that the village is already 1080 years old counted from the current existing 18th generation by multiplied the average age of 60 years per generation.
other stop over toward to the village are Mules island 20 minutes from Dintor by boat, Information center Wae Rebo,it can be also combined with the visit to Wae Rebo’s relative; Todo Village. Experiencing the livelihood of noble and simple inhabitants of Wae Rebo. Located in Satarlenda village, Satarmese Barat sub-district, Manggarai,
Kampung Wae Rebo is a village at Flores, Manggarai Barat, Nusa Tenggara Timur (the east side of Bali). The first tourist came from Czech Republic and no local tourist till 2009, which was only 3 years ago (I felt a bit funny because foreigners even knew this place earlier then us).
It’s placed between two mountains, and what makes it unique is there are 7 traditional houses made from wood, all with a rope-bundle construction (they don't even use any single nail!), 8 metres height and contained of 5 floors with a cone shape. There are approximately 800 people live there, each house is fit by 8 families without electricity, signal, or television. The people of Wae Rebo make their houses themselves, all with very natural sources from the jungle.
For example, they cut a very heavy Worok Wood from the jungle, and bring it together (approximately 50 people) and sing a traditional song that is believed could make the wood feels more light (they believe that the soul of their dead ancestors help them to carry the wood). For the roof, they use ‘anyaman - ilalang’, the wild grass that is bundled together.
They use a drying method, which is cooking inside the house with woods and use the smoke of the fire to dryen the grass. The more often they cook, the stronger roof they get.
The original culture is also very interesting. One of them is the traditional ceremony to celebrate the new house. They cut the neck of 2 white chickens and 1 red chicken. In their believe, they send the fur of white chicken to God, and red chicken to the ancestors. They have to cut the white chicken on the very top of the house, which can be climbed by a bamboo stair from the middle of the house, and make the blood touch the ‘Bongkok Pilar’, which is the very central pilar of the house. After that, the elder people of Wae Rebo sing their ancient song, then burn the chicken while they still half alive! After the chicken has burnt, the elder people have the duty to check the colon of the chicken. If it makes a clear rounding shape, it has a good sign, and vice versa. From 5 days living there, I’ve seen 9 chickens cut and 3 pigs killed for the ceremony.
The main occupation of them is farmer. Even it seems hard (they need to go for 4 hours walking down and climbing the mountain just to sell their coffee or vegetable at the nearest market in other village). The closest school is also 4 hours walking passing the jungle, mountains and river. For women, most of older women have the skill to ‘menenun’ or sew which is make a cloth from string that they bought from traditional market. It takes 1 till 3 months to finish one cloth which can be sold up to Rp. 500.000 (around USD 50). From the interview, they started learning to sew the cloth as soon as they finished the elementary school
The locals in Wae Rebo already provides a new traditional guest house included standard toilet for the guests called “Niang Maro” all the guests can stay there properly like locals sleep on mats made from pandanus leavess which circle extends around the main pillars.
Local agreement think out decisions cost for visitor:
Entrance in Wae Rebo Village Rp.325.000/pax/night. Price include entrance fee (for local government), donation to Wae Rebo village, guest house, lunch, dinner, breakfast.
Tourists who don’t want to stay overnight in village will be charged Rp.200 000/pax. Price include entrance fee (for local government), donation to Wae Rebo village and lunch.
For the safety reasons during climbing Poco Roko mount forest from Denge village to the top and down to Wae Rebo village, all tourists should follow the locals as porter and guides. Porter cost is about Rp.200.000, per person go and back (return to the Denge).
Crossing from Denge – Wae Rebo – Nandong village (The village behind mountain close to Flores main road) the porter cost is about Rp.200 000 per one porter.
If tourists want to see traditional singing cost about Rp.300.000 per one-time showing. The traditional singing called “Mbata” music accompanied by gong and drum.
Visitors should be maintain decorum when you stay with local community in Wae Rebo village, should not be embrace or kissing even though the husband and wife. When you want to replace the clothes should be in a special room that has been prepared.
Location: Located in Satarlenda village, Satarmese Barat sub-district, Manggarai
Distance: 83,7 km from Ruteng (2.5-3hours) sincluding trekking from Dintor to Wae Rebo (6,6km/± 4 hours). From Nangalili beach (from Labuan Bajo direction) by boat takes 2 hours
Day 01: DENPASAR-LABUAN BAJO-DENGE (L,D)
Arrival at KOMODO airport Labuan Bajo, meeting with our guide and driving to DENGE village for 4 hours with several stops at LEMBOR area to see the unexposed world wonder “Lingko” – The spider web shape rice fields. It’s probably the only such a rice field ever exist on earth. Lunch box will be served web route, proceed to Denge for overnight at DENGE GUEST HOUSE.
Day 02: DENGE-TREK WAEREBO (B,L,D)
After having breakfast in Denge village guest house, trekking to Waerebo-the oldest traditional village of Manggarainese. The rain forest along the trek to Waerebo is one of the wealthiest areas in Indonesia in Biological terms. The forest is simple like a Huge Garden of Eden. The walk through the forest with deferent vegetation is of great interest from the families of orchids, palms, ferns,etc. natural voice of various type singing birds will entertain you a long the trip. The clear and fresh water river on the way up to the village is a good point to take rest. In the village of Waerebo, visitor can see conical houses, which one of it is a “drum house” with very unique architectures, place for holding meetings, rituals and Sunday morning prayers. The drum house is a communal building for a clan branch, symbolizing the ideal unity of patrilineal descent. The place has been developed as tourism site; sleeping on the traditional house and having local cuisine together with local community is very wonderful and unforgettable moment for the visitor.
Day 03: WAEREBO-DENGE-LABUAN NAJO (B,L,D)
After breakfast trekking down to Denge village then continue Labuan Bajo the Western trip of Flores island. On the way stops will be made at ITENG/ Nareng where you can enjoy the beautiful paranoma of rice fields with lunch and dry hills as the background, and other places according to local happenings. Stop in Waeramu beach for swimming, lunch box provided. On arrival direct check into your hotel for accommodation and meals GOLO HILL TOP/BAY VIEW/ GREEN HILL HOTEL.
Day 04: LABUAN BAJO-RINCA ISLAND-KOMODO ISLAND (B,L,D)
Morning after breakfast at your hotel transfer to the pier of Labuan Bajo to visit the island of Komodo dragons Rinca, after 2 ½ hours sailing start your trekking walking through the typical dry forest to explore the island of Komodo dragon, you will find just not dragon, but also many like animals like deer, wild buffalo, long-tailed, macaque and will boar also numerous of birds. Keep your eyes look up as sometime you will find the young Komodo dragons on the trees. Return to boat and proceed to Kalong Island in Komodo Island to see through fling foxes set out from the mangrove tree at 06-07 pm. Lunch and overnight on board.
Day 05: KOMODO-PINK BEACH-MANTA POINT-LABUAN BAJO (B,L,D)
Early morning start your trekking on Komodo, walking through the typical dry forest to explore the island of komodo dragon, you will find many wild animals like, deer and will boar and also numerous of birds such as lesser-sulphur-crested-cockatoo, call red kingfisher, etc. a local ranger will lead you through this natural preservation, return to boat and proceed to Pink beach for swimming and snorkeling in unspoilt coral reef amongst colorful tropical fish. Sail toward MANTA POINT to exploring Huge Mantas by snorkeling even watching from your boat trip. Lunch on board and afternoon back to Labuan Bajo. Overnight at Jayakarta hotel.
Day 06: LABUAN BAJO-DENPASAR (B)
After breakfast, a morning visit to the Batu cermin/Mirror cave before taking you to the airport for flight to Denpasar.
Rate : USD 725/person/twin share, minimum 2 person
• Transfer and tours as per the itinerary.
• Full board meals
• Private charter boat trip
• Entrance fees
• Ranger fee
• Mineral water, morning and afternoon tea-coffee plus snack during the trip on the boat.
• English speaking guide
• Boat anchorage
• Refreshment and Porter
• Snorkeling gear
• Return airfare ticket from/to Denpasar
• Camera fee, travel insurance
• Any personal expenses, such as: laundry services, phone call, tipping, soft and alcohol drink
What to bring:
• Sun screen
• Tracking shoes
• Towel and swimming suite
• Fly spray