It consists of swamp forest and lowland rain forest, mostly of secondary growth as result of extensive logging in the 1960s and 1970s. Despite decreasing populations, the park still has a few critically endangered Sumatran tigers, Sumatran elephants and Sumatran rhinoceroses. It also provides excellent birdwatching, with the rare white-winged wood duck among the over 400 species present in the park.
Located at the southern tip of Sumatra, 110 km from Bandarlampung, the Way Kambas National Park (WKNP) is one of the oldest reserves in Indonesia. It occupies 1,300 sq km of coastal lowland forest around the Way Kambas River on the east coast of the province of Lampung. WKNP is closely associated with elephants, since aside from being a sanctuary for these gentle giants, the national park is also known as their training ground.
Way Kambas was established as a game reserve by the Dutch administration in 1937. Sadly, between 1954 and 1974 it was intensively logged. In 1978, it was proposed as a national park, with provisional declaration in 1989, and final declaration in 1997.
It is believed that approximately 200 Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatranensis) live within the park. The Sumatran elephant is one of three recognized subspecies of the Asian Elephant, and native to Sumatra Island. In general, Asian elephants are smaller than those of Africa and have the highest body point on the head. Among the Asian elephants, the Sumatran elephants are the smallest, with a shoulder height ranging between 2 meters and 3.2 meters (6.6 ft. to 10.5 ft). Wild Sumatran elephants were formerly found in eight provinces of Sumatra. However, the dense and tangled vegetation of the tropical rainforests there makes it difficult to estimate their exact number.
Officially established in 1985, the Elephant Training Center, located 9 km from the park’s Plang Ijo entrance, is an establishment aimed to protect the existence of the elephant and at the same time create mutual benefit for both the elephants and men. The training center is also a reminiscent of the time when kings or sultans ruled Sumatra, when elephants were trained and deployed in warfare and also for ceremonial purposes. Here, visitors can observe elephants perform various tasks such as transporting lumber or plowing fields. They can also perform peculiar activities such as playing football or other entertaining performances.
Threats to the park are posed by poaching and habitat loss due to illegal logging. Conservation efforts include patrolling and the establishment of the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary and the Elephant Conservation Centre.
The Way Kambas National park, found on the South East Coast of the Indonesian Island of Sumatra, is home to an extensive array of flora and fauna many of which are endangered and only found in this part of the world. With swamp forest, lowland rainforest, mangrove forest, dry beach forest and expanses of grassland this national park is the perfect habitat for thousands of different species, offering exciting opportunities for visitors to experience some of Indonesia’s most diverse wildlife up close and personal.
On this remarkable tour you will experience the spectacular flora and fauna of Way Kambas National Park, where you will be accompanied by an experienced local tour guide. This exciting 5 day / 4 night to will give you the special opportunity to see and learn about the endangered Sumatran Elephant, Rhinoceros & Tiger, along with a vast array of other exotic animals such as monkeys, tapirs, leopards and birds.
Another special feature of this national park is the Sumatran Rhino still present in the area. Only 275 remain in South East Asia today. In Way Kambas a managed breeding center or Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) has been build up in 1995. At this moment 5 Sumatran Rhinos live at the Sanctuary, most have been translocated from zoos to the large enclosures (with natural habitat) at the SRS.
Much of the park is dominated by a mosaic of Imperata cylindrica grassland and secondary forest habitat types, primarily a result of intensive logging operations in the past, but maintained by frequent fires and seasonal flooding. A central core area of the park is characterised by relatively intact primary tropical rainforest.
Rajabasa station in Bandar Lampung (Tanjung Karang) to Way Kambas, also named Plang Hijau. The trip will take 2-3 hours (100 km). Panjang station in Bandar Lampung to Sribawono (1 hour). In Sribawono get on a bus to Way Jepara (1 hour) and from there with a minibus to Plang Hijau. Rajabasa station to Metro (1 hour) and from Metro to Way Jepara. Merak ferry terminal in Bakaheni, where the ferry from Java arrives, to Plang Hijau.
A large part of the park is overgrown with Serdang Palms (Livistona hasselti). The lowland forest consists mainly of trees from the Dipterocarpacea family.
Because of the vast areas of grass-land, Way Kambas is a reserve where you can easily spot the animals.
- Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary
A managed breeding centre named Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary (SRS) of 250 acres (100 ha) was built up in 1995. The goal of the sanctuary is to maintain a small number of rhinos for research, "insurance", awareness-building, and the long-term goal of developing a breeding program, to help ensure the survival of the species in the wild. Currently five Sumatran rhinos live at the Sanctuary, most have been translocated from zoos to the large enclosures with natural habitat at the SRS. Since 1997, Rhino Protection Units have been established. These are trained anti-poaching teams of 4-6 people that patrol a minimum of 15 days per month the key areas of the park to deactivate traps and identify illegal intruders. Andatu, a calf who born on June 23, 2013 is the fourth calf live in the zoo all over the world or semi-in-situ captive breeding likes in Way Kambas Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary. The mother is Ratu and the father is Andalas who came from Cincinnati, USA in 2007. In earlier October 2003, Andatu height is almost the same of the mother height.
Sumatran Elephant (a lot of them are very dangerous due to ill-treatment in the adjacent elephant training school!), Siamang, White-handed Gibbon, Long-tailed Macaque, Pig-tailed Macaque, Silvered Leaf Monkey, Malayan Tapir, Lesser Mousedeer, Large Mousedeer, Barking Deer, Malayan Sunbear, Wild Boar, Wild Dog, Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Rhinoceros, Clouded Leopard, Pangolin, Temminck’s Golden Cat, Leopard Cat, Agile Gibbon, Common Otter.
- Elephant Conservation Centre
The Elephant Conservation Centre (ECC) has been established in the 1980s. The elephants in the centre have been domesticated and used for heavy work, ecotourism, patrol and breeding. Paintings created by elephants at the centre are sold by Novica, a commercial online arts agent associated with the National Geographic Society, with about half of the proceeds assisting endangered elephants throughout Asia.
The ECC will be provided with an elephant hospital which will become the first of its kind in Indonesia and the largest in Asia. The elephant hospital will be built on a 5-hectare area with a Rp10 billion ($1.11 million) investment and expected to initial operations in 2014.
False Ghavial, Estuarine Crocodile.
White-winged Wood-duck, Masked Finfoot, Milky Stork, Lesser Adjutant, Asian Dowitcher, Storm’s Stork, White-bellied Sea-eagle, Brahminy Kite, Grey-headed Fish-eagle, Lesser Fish-eagle, Osprey.
Day 1 Bandar Lampung – Way Kambas / 3 hrs drive
Arrive at the airport of Bandar Lampung with flight… at… You will be fetched by driver and transferred to Way Kambas National Park. This is part of the larger protected area known as Way Kambas National Park. The park comprises an area of 130,000 ha in Lampung province, south Sumatra. It contains a variety of lowland and coastal habitats, including one of the largest freshwater swamp forests in Sumatra. Arrive in Tri Datu, a local village beside the gate of Way Kambas National Park. 3 overnight stays in Satwa Elephant Ecolodge (simple)
Day 2 Boat trip to Kali Biru & Night Walking
Early in the morning at 5.00, you start drive to Way Kanan Camp which is around 12 km from your lodge. You drive through the small road in the national park. There is opportunity to see wild animals on the way such as; wild deer, pigs, kind of unique birds, wild cat, monkeys or even wild Elephants. After 45 minutes drive, you will arrive at the camp where you prepare a boat for trip to Kali Biru. During boat trip you have chance to see kind of birds, monkeys, crocodile and any other wild animals. The boat trip will take around 3 hrs. You can also stop at the forest where you can do light trek to the jungle. After the boat trip you return to your lodge. The rest is your own program, you can walk to the pleasant rural village surrounding your lodge and meet villagers and enjoy the atmosphere.
In the evening you will make a night walk to the jungle. A local guide and ranger will accompany you for night walking to the forest where you might see the wild nocturnal animals like; wild cat, slow loris, owl, golden cat (Pardofelis temminckii) and other animals.
Day 3 Bird Watching & Elephant Conservation Centre
Morning activity today is bird watching. Best time to see wild and unique birds is in the early morning. Therefore 5.am you start drive from your lodge through the same road as your last trip to Way Kanan camp. But now you drive around 5 km, then you continue by walk until Way Kanan camp (your car will drive follow behind you around 100 – 150 m). You will enjoy the natural atmosphere of the forest with many songs of birds. Arrive in the camp then you return to your lodge. The activity will be in 3 hrs.
In the afternoon you visit the Elephant Conservation Centre (ECC) which has been established in the 1980s. The elephants in the centre have been domesticated and used for heavy work, ecotourism, patrol and breeding. Elephant attraction could be available to see on special day during long holidays. You may also enjoy nice coconut drinks after you have seen the Elephants. Return to your lodge for overnight stay
Day 4 Way Kanan – Bandar Lampung airport / 3 hrs drive
Today you will be transfer to the airport of Bandar Lampung for catch your flight to next destination. End of your 4 days Way Kambas National Park tour with us.
PRICE: USD 900 per person (twin share - minimum 2 persons)
- Return flights Jakarta to Bandar Lampung
- Private car transfer
- Transport to Rhino Center
- All safari activity
- Meal as mentioned above itinerary
- 3 Night in Way Kambas Ecolodge
- 1 Night in Jakarta
- All National park entrance ticket
- Mineral water per day tour
- Drinks other than mineral water, guide tip, and personal expenses.
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