Since 1772, only small phreatic eruptions were recorded before an explosive eruption that began in November 2002. More recently, the volcano has been quite active. On August 13, 2011 the volcano's early warning status was lifted from Level II, "Vigilant" (Indonesian: Waspada) to Level III, "Alert" (Siaga) following the swarm of long-period events, the increase of volcano tectonic earthquake rate, and an extremely high percentage (100%) of measured carbon dioxide gas in the ground at the summit crater. People, including tourists, were urged to remain at least 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) from the yellow craters on the 2,665-meter (8,743-foot) Mount Papandayan. On Friday September 2, 2011, the Indonesian Volcanology and Geophysical Disaster Mitigation Center reported that numerous shallow volcanic earthquakes had been recorded along with other indications of volcanic activity. A spokesperson for the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency noted that if Mt Papandayan erupted, over 170,000 people living in five nearby subdistricts (kecamatan) and in twenty villages could be affected. Of the people likely to be affected, it was expected that perhaps as many as 11,500 people might need to be evacuated.
Mount Papandayan is a large composite volcano. It is constructed of alternating layers of lava and ash, and other fragmental volcanic rock debris formed by explosive eruptions over the past several hundred years. A large horseshoe-shape crater extended to the northeast resulting in an avalanche deposit consisted of intermixed volcanic debris and alternated rocks, Kawah Manuk and many other with solfataras emitting smoke and hot fumes from its inner sides.
The Mount Papandayan area is a popular tourist site. Tourists can walk across the crater and view phenomena such as bubbling mud pools, steam vents, and sulfur deposits. Papandayan Crater (Kawah Papandayan), a bubbling yellow crater, is a popular sight. There are various other volcanic craters in the area to the south of Bandung as well. Another volcanic crater with easy access in the same region is Kawah Putih; it is in the nearby Bandung District to the west of Mt Papandayan.
Above the crater is an elfin forest and several meadows with Javanese Edelweiss.
Passing through the crater of sulfur, clear streams, perished forests due to eruptions and beautiful edelweiss fields, all these wonderful details that enliven the hills with enchanting views of Mount Papandayan. Located at Cisurupan District in the town of Garut, West Java, Indonesia, it soars 2,622 meters above sea level. Most of its access routes are now somehow undetectable since the 2002 eruption, hiding the true beauty of Mount Papandayan. The eruption truncated the volcano into a broad shape with two peaks and a flat area one kilometer wide with a crater in the middle, making the mountain look like twin volcanoes. One of those peaks is Papandayan.
The trek started by going through limestone formations and an active sulfur crater. From the crater, the trek continued for another half an hour until arrive at Pondok Salada. This is where climbers usually set up tents for a night’s rest. It is a spacious area surrounded by edeilweiss flowers, wild weeds and some trees that aren’t really that shady. There is no need to worry about water supply, because there is is non-stop “watering system” that pours through blue hoses in Pondok Salada.
If Pondok Salada seems to offer such a scenic surrounding, the natural beauty is about to become a dozen times more charming. After champing a night at Pondok Salada, you should go to Tegal Alun. There are two alternatives routes to reach Tegal Alun, through steep rocks or via a dead forest. To enjoy every bit of Mount Papandaya’s beauty, I suggest to ascend via dead forest and descend through the steep rock. Going through the dead forest meant hiking across a stretch of forest ferns. This track can become particulary dangerous when it rains, because the remnants of ash from the eruption make the track very slippery.
For ahead was a neadow of edelweiss flowers blossoming beautifully and blending perfectly with the blue skies and fluffy clouds. Don’t hesitate to drink the water. It is perfectly clean. Edelweiss, the eternal flowers, were everywhere. Tegal Alun was very quiet.
MOUNT PAPANDAYAN - VOLCANO TREKKING
Duration: 04 DAYS / 03 NIGHTS
Start / Finish: BANDUNG
Grade: Easy - Moderate
DAY 01: BANDUNG - GARUT
Upon arrival at bandung Airport, you will have drive to Garut at the southern of Badung.This land journey will takes 3 - 4 hours drive in normaly traffic road condition. Stay Overnight at hotel in Garut. (D)
DAY 02: GARUT - QUEEN CRATER - TREKKING TO PONDOK SALADA CAMP
Transfer to Papandayan entry gate, then you will have to start trekking up the Mt. Papandayan pass through the active rim Crater, and Hot spring to reach Pondok Salada. It will takes 4 - 5 hours trek from the parking area. You will have stay overnight in tents at Pondok Salada base camp for aclimatization. (B, L, D).
DAY 03: SUMMIT MT. GEDE PAPANDAYAN - BANDUNG
Early morning proceed to the summit of Mount Papandayan (2,640 M) for about 2 - 3 hours walk. After you take picture then you will have descend down to base camp for have breakfast. At the approtiate time, you will transfered to Bandung for another sightseeing on the Paris Van Java. Traditional performance of sundanesse people will be present during stay in Bandung.(B, L, D)
DAY 04: BANDUNG AIRPORT
Free and easy until we transfer you to the airport for flight to your next destination. (B)
Rate : USD 350/person/twin share, Minimum 2 person
- All accommodation based on twin share
- Pick up and transfer the airports
- All Meals ( Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner )
- English Speaking Guide
- trekking equipment
- AC Vehicle
- Entrance Fees
- Tours as per itineraries
- Entrance and Conservation Fees
- Return air tickets
- Alcoholic and non alcoholic drinks
- Any personal expenses
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